Agriculture MPSC Syllabus Pdf In Marathi- या लेखात आम्ही तुमच्यासाठी पूर्व परीक्षा आणि मुख्य परीक्षेसाठी MPSC कृषी अभ्यासक्रम प्रदान केला आहे. महाराष्ट्र लोकसेवा आयोग (MPSC) द्वारे घेण्यात येणार्या MPSC कृषी अभ्यासक्रम परीक्षेचा अभ्यासक्रम हा उमेदवाराच्या तयारीसाठी मूलभूत पाया आहे. अभ्यासक्रमाची संपूर्ण माहिती उमेदवारांना त्यांच्या परीक्षेच्या तयारीचे नियोजन करण्यास मदत करेल.
Agriculture MPSC Exam Pattern | MPSC कृषी सेवा परीक्षेचा नमुना
येथे आपण MPSC कृषी सेवा ह्या परीक्षेचा नमुना बघणार आहोत. तर हा नमुना खाली दिलेला आहे.
MPSC Agriculture Prelims Exam Pattern | MPSC कृषी सेवा पूर्व परीक्षेचा नमुना
पेपर संख्या- १
- परीक्षेचे माध्यम इंग्रजी आणि मराठी असेल
- लेखी परीक्षेत वस्तुनिष्ठ स्वरूपाचे प्रश्न असतील.
- MPSC पूर्व परीक्षेत 200 गुणांसाठी 100 वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न असतात.
- प्रत्येक प्रश्नाला दोन गुण आहेत आणि परीक्षेचा कालावधी 1 तास आहे.
- प्रत्येक चुकीच्या उत्तरावर 0.25 गुण वजा केले जातील.
MPSC Agriculture Mains Exam Pattern | MPSC कृषी सेवा मुख्य परीक्षेचा नमुना
वैकल्पिक विषय – कृषी अथवा कृषी अभियांत्रिकी या दोन विषयांपैकी कोणताही एक विषय निवडावा.
- MPSC कृषी अधिकारी मुख्य परीक्षेच्या पेपरमध्ये अनिवार्य आणि पर्यायी असे दोन पेपर असतात.
- परीक्षेचे माध्यम इंग्रजी असेल.
- लेखी परीक्षेत वस्तुनिष्ठ स्वरूपाचे प्रश्न असतील.
- प्रत्येक पेपरमध्ये 200 गुणांसाठी 100 बहुपर्यायी प्रश्न असतात.
- प्रत्येक पेपरसाठी परीक्षेचा कालावधी 1 तास आहे.
Agriculture MPSC Syllabus In Marathi | MPSC कृषी सेवा अभ्यासक्रम
येथे आम्ही तुम्हाला पूर्व परीक्षा आणि मुख्य परीक्षेचा अभ्यासक्रम (Agriculture MPSC Syllabus) दिला आहे. याचा फायदा तुम्हाला तुमच्या अभ्यासाच्या योजनेत उपयोगी पडेल.
MPSC Agriculture Prelims Syllabus | MPSC कृषी सेवा पूर्व परीक्षा अभ्यासक्रम
- मराठी – सर्वसामान्य शब्दसंग्रह, वाक्यरचना, व्याकरण, वाक्प्रचार व म्हणी यांचा अर्थ आणि उपयोग तसेच उता – यावरील प्रश्नांची उत्तरे
- इंग्रजी – Common vocabulary, Sentence structure, Grammar, Use of Idioms & Phrases and their meaning and Comprehension of passage.
सामान्य क्षमता चाचणी
i) चालू घडामोडी – जागतिक तसेच भारतातील .
ii) भारतीय राज्यव्यवस्था
iii) सामान्य विज्ञान व तंत्रज्ञान –
- अ) भौतिकशास्त्र (Physics),
- ब) रसायनशास्त्र (Chemistry),
- क) Remote Sensing, Aerial and drone photography, GIS and its application, etc.
- ड) Information and communication technology
iv) भारताचा व महाराष्ट्राचा भूगोल
v) General mental ability (logical reasoning, analitycal ability, problem solving, basic numeracy)
vi) पर्यावरण : मानवी विकास व पर्यावरण, पर्यावरणपूरक विकास, नैसर्गिक साधनसंपत्तीचे संधारण विशेषत : वनसंधारण, विविध प्रकारची प्रदूषणे व पर्यावरणीय आपत्ती, पर्यावरण संवर्धनात कार्यरत असलेल्या राज्य / राष्ट्र / जागतिक पातळीवरील संघटना / संस्था.
MPSC Agriculture Mains Syllabus | MPSC कृषी सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा अभ्यासक्रम
Paper – 1 (Compulsory): Agriculture Science
(1) AGRONOMY (MARKS: 80)
|1.||Principles of Agronomy|
|Agronomy: Its definition, scope, and role of Agronomist in agriculture.|
Classification of Crops: Agriculture seasons in India and in Maharashtra. Factors affecting crop production.
Tillage: Factors affecting tillage, type of tillage operations, tillage implements. Effects of tillage on soil and crop growth. Modern concepts of tillage.
Seed: Qualities of good seed, types of seed, seed testing, and seed treatment, different methods of sowing, optimum plant population, and geometry. Classification of Seeds.
Cropping systems: Types of cropping systems, crop rotations, relay cropping.
Weeds: Definition, methods of weed control, integrated weed management concept.
|Definition of meteorology, weather, and climate elements of weather. Temperature measurement, factors affecting the temperature. Solar radiation, the significance of solar radiation in agriculture. Factors affecting solar radiation, measurement of solar radiation. Atmosphere pressure is the measurement, variation of pressure with height, and hydrological cycle. Drought climatology, classification of drought, weather forecasting in agriculture, its classification, techniques of weather forecasting. Forecasting network in India.|
|3.||Irrigation water management :|
|Soil water: Sources of water, absorption, and movement of water in the soil, soil moisture constants, forms of soil water, and factors affecting available soil moisture. Absorption of soil moisture by the plant. Factors affecting absorption, evaporation, transpiration, consumptive use, and effective rainfall.|
Irrigation: Water requirement, irrigation requirement of crops, factors affecting water requirement, scheduling of irrigation – different approaches. Depth of irrigation, measurement of irrigation, water use efficiency.
Drainage: Importance of drainage, types of drainage. Effect of bad drainage on soil and crop growth.
|(a)||Kharif crops including forages, cereals, millets and pulses:|
|Kharif crops : Their importance, Soil and climate requirement varieties, seed and sowing, manure and fertilizer application schedule, water and irrigation needs. Management of weeds and plant protection measures. Crop rotations and cropping systems, harvesting, yield and production potential, seed production.|
Cereals and Millets: Rice, Sorghum, Pearl millet, Maize, Hill millets.
Pulses: Red gram, Greengram, Blackgram, Horsegram, Cowpea, Kidney bean and Dolichos.
Oilseeds: Groundnut, sesame, soybean, Castor, Sunflower, Niger.
Fibre crops : Cotton and Sannhemp.
Commercial crops: Turmeric and ginger.
Forage crops: Cowpea, Maize, Jowar, Napier, Rhodes, Paragrass, Subabhul, Shevari (Sesbania ogyptica), stylo, Cluster bean, Marvel, Dinanath, Anjan (Chenclarus ciliaris).
Green manuring crops: Sannhemp, Dhaincha, Glyricedia.
|(b)||Field crops (Rabi crops, including forage, oilseeds and commercial crops) :|
|Rabi Crops : Their importance, history, distribution and production, growth pattern and critical stages, yield parameters and measures to improve the same. Soil and climatic requirements, varieties, seed and sowing nutritional requirement and manure and fertilizer application schedule, water and irrigation needs, management of weeds and plant protection measures. Crop rotations and cropping systems, harvesting, yield and production potential quality aspects and preparation for marketing, Agronomical practices for seed production. Agronomy of important crops of the region with special emphasis on hybrids.|
Cereals : Wheat, Rabi Sorghum.
Pulses : Gram and Pea.
Oilseeds : Linseed, Rapeseed mustard, safflower, sunflower.
Commercial crops : Sugarcane, sugarbeat, potato.
Forage crops : Lucern, Berseem, Oat, Summer maize, Summer sorghum.
Summer crops : Rice, Groundnut, Greengram.
|Agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra, Techniques of soil and water conservation, moisture conservation, crop residue management, mulches, minimum tillage, zero tillage, harvesting and recycling of runoff water, Drought resistant crops, contingency planning .|
|6.||Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture|
|Definition, sustainable agriculture, resource management, components of farming system. Effect of preceding and associated crops.|
(2) SOIL SCIENCE (MARKS: 40)
|Definition of Soil; Weathering of rocks and minerals, physical and chemical properties of soil. Soil structure, definition, types and its importance in crop production. Soil texture, classes, ion exchange, soil solution, organic matter, soil moisture, Alkaline and Acid soils. Quality of irrigation water, soil survey. Soil fertility and soil productivity. Soil water movement, infiltration, Soil water movement percolation, evaporation and evapo transpiration, essential plant nutrients, organic manures, fertilizers, Integrated Nutrient Management. Ecofriendly farming, Nutrient management in problem soils, preparation of compost, vermicompost, Organic farming, its merits and demerits, mixed, Complex and Compound fertilizers, micro nutrients, liquid fertilizers, Bio-fertilizer, Soil pollution by agro-chemicals.|
(3) AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING (MARKS : 80)
|1.||Farm Machinery and Power|
|Sources of Farm Power – Human, animal and mechanical; I.C. engines- principles of operation and different working systems, I. C. engine cycles, terminology connected with engine power and working examples; Tractors- classification, factors affecting the tractor selection, tractor clutches and brakes; power transmission systems-gear trains, differential, final drives and power take off; trouble shootings and remedies; operating cost of tractors and implements; periodical care, repair and maintenance of tractors.|
Tillage- Definition, functions, classification. Primary and secondary tillage implements, related terms and working examples; hitch systems of implements.
Seed cum fertilizer drill, metering mechanisms, planters, chaff cutters; harvesters and threshers; sickles, mowers, reapers, and combine.
Plant protection equipment – types of sprayers and dusters, principles of operations; uses.
|2.||Agricultural Process Engineering|
|Changes occurring in food grains during storage; food grain storage structures; precooling – definition and types; freezing- definition and types; Refrigeration-simple compression refrigeration system; cold storage- meaning and use.|
Determination of moisture content-direct and indirect methods; Drying – principles and methods, types of dryers; factors affecting drying; pasteurization, sterilization, and evaporation.
Working principles of Agricultural viz. milk, grains and fruits, processing equipments, grinders, mill, graders, cleaners, Separators, seed / treaters.
Material handling equipments (excluding design) – belt, bucket and screw conveyor; packaging material for agricultural and horticultural produce.
|3.||Soil and Water conservation, Watershed Management|
|(a) Principles of watershed management – Watershed – Definition, surveying, leveling, types of survey, objects of surveying, survey instruments.|
Measurement of distances and area; chain and compass surveying; plane table surveying-radiation and intersection methods; leveling- collimation and rise and fall methods.
Watershed characteristics, rainfall pattern, land use capability classification, runoff estimation of volume by rainfall infiltration method, peak rate of run off by rational formula.
(iv) Soil and water conservation structures used in Maharashtra, Water harvesting, Farm pond.
(b) Erosion control- biological and engineering measures; temporary and permanent gully control structures; contour bund, graded bund and bench terraces.
(c) Principles of watershed management.
|4.||Micro Irrigation and Drainage Engineering|
|Definition and Concept of micro – irrigation. types of micro irrigation. Design of micro irrigation system. |
Pump selection – calculation of head, discharge, losses and performance evaluation. Maintenance of pumps and irrigation system. Permeability and hydraulic conductivity of soils. Drainage coefficient, Design and layouts of surface and sub surface drainage system.
|Buildings materials – Bricks, cement, sand, mortar, concrete.|
Location and management of farmstead.
Silo-pit and trench silo; Dairy barns- stanchion and loose housing barns; Poultry houses- wire floored, deep litter and cage house.
Green house technology-basic approach and scope in India, attributes of green house technology, green house types, materials for green house construction and covering.
PAPER – 2
(1) AGRICULTURAL BOTANY ( Marks : 40 )
|1.||Morphology : Floral organization and mechanism of pollination, Fertilization; Development of fruits and seeds.|
|2.||Anatomy: Cells and tissues – types and junctions.|
|3.||Cytogenetics : Cell structure, Mitosis, Meiosis, Chromosome morphology and structure, Gene-enzyme hypothesis, Molecular organisation – DNA, RNA, Genetic code, Protein synthesis, Regulation of gene action. Chromosomal aberration, Polyploidy types and uses. Mutation-macro and micro, chemical and Physiological mutagenesis. Linkage – sex linkage, Sex determination.|
|Genetics : Mandelism and laws of inheritance. Mono, dia and tri-hybrid ratio, Gene interactions. Linkage and crossing over. Gene maps, Allelism, Pleotropism, Penetrance and expressivity, Quantitative inheritance, Extra nuclear inheritance.|
|4.||Plant Breeding : Methods of breeding in self pollinated crops, Pure line and Mass selection, Hybridization, Pedigree selection, Bulk population, Back cross, Single seed descent, Multiple crossing, Bi-parental mating, Multilines; Methods of breeding in cross pollinated crops Mass selection, Line breeding, Recurrent selection, Synthetic varieties and Composite varieties. Methods of breeding in sexually propagated crops- Colonal selection and hybridization, New plant breeding tools viz. Tissue Culture, Protoplast Fusion, Somatic hybridization, chromosome multiplication and Genetic Engineering. Sterility and self incompatibility, and its utilization, Inbreeding, Heterosis and its exploitation. Seed production technology in self and cross pollinated crops. Seed certification and processing. Seed deterioration- causes and remedies. Seed legislation in India and quality seed.|
|5.||Plant Physiology : Osmotic qualities of cells and their relationship; Transpiration mechanism, Drought resistance and concept of xerophytism. Water use efficiency, photosynthesis mechanism and factors affecting photosynthesis, classification of plants on the basis of photosynthetic mechanism as C3, C4 and CAM plants. Photo-respiration, Respiration, respiratory drifts during storage and ripening of fruits and vegetables. Respiratory quotients of starchy, fatty, proteinaceous seeds – its importance. Plant nutrition, translocation of nutrients and photosynthesis and their partitioning, Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Source and sink relationship. Seed germination, dormancy and quiescence, growth and growth analysis related to yield. Photoperiodism, Vernalization Auxin, heteroauxin, growth regulators and inhibitors and their uses.|
|6.||Social forestry : Silviculture, Agro-forestry, their importance & scope. Medicinal and Aromatic plants : Cultivation, processing, Marketing and uses.|
|7.||Medicinal and Aromatic plants : Cultivation, processing, Marketing and uses.|
|8.||Environmental Science & Agro-ecology :|
|Agro-ecology – Definition, levels of organisation, relation with other sciences,|
Environment – Definition, components and factors. Ecological groups, Population dynamics, Community dynamics,
Pollution – types, classification, causes and control measures,
Ecosystem – Definition, concept and structures,
Agro-ecosystem – Origin and evaluation, Domestication of plant and animals, Climatic risk, Natural resources & their conservation.
|9.||Plant Biotechnology :|
|Biotechnology – In-vitro culture techniques, Totipotency, Organogenesis. Embryogensis, types of culture – single cell culture, suspension culture, micropropagation, shoot tip culture and meristem culture. Different stages and production of pathogen free plants. Anther and pollen culture and production of homozygous lines. Embryo culture, Ovule culture and In-vitro fertilization, somaclonal variation, its importance. Protoplast isolation, fusion, somatic, hybrids, cybrids, Techniques of gene transfer. Transgenic plants. Application of Biotechnology in Agriculture- Biopesticides, Biofertilizers, cryopreservation and secondary metabolites|
(2) PLANT PROTECTION (ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY)
ENTOMOLOGY ( MARKS : 20 )
|1.||General morphology; anatomy and physiology of insects, Classification of insects. Economic importance of insects. Major insect pests of field and Horticultural crops of Maharashtra State, their occurrence, life history, damage and control measures. Insecticides – classification and formulations. Beneficial insects (Sericulture, Apiculture and Lac culture etc.)|
|2.||Outbreaks of insects and their causes, Pest surveillance, ETL – concept & application, Store grain pests and methods of their control.|
|3.||Appliances used in plant protection including HV, LV and ULV sprayers, Safe handling of pesticides, Antidotes for pesticide poisoning.|
|4.||Pest Management – Pest resistance, role of biotechnology in pest management.|
|5.||Study of non insect-pest: Importance of Sanitary and Phytro- Sanitary measures e.g. snail.|
|6.||Residual effect of insecticide – Its testing, national & international standards.|
|7.||Biological control of insect-pests – Definition, methods and scope. Important natural enemies & their host. IPM concept and recent trends in plant protection (Role of chemosterilants, attractants, repellents, pheromenes and light traps in pest control)|
PLANT PATHOLOGY ( MARKS : 20)
|1.||History and development of plant pathology, economic importance of plant diseases, Nature, position and structure of fungi, bacteria, viruses and mycoplasma, their methods of reproduction and nutrition.|
|2.||Broad classification of fungi and phytopathogenic bacteria. Studies and economic importance of pernosporales, Ustilaginales, Uredinales, Moniliales, Sporophyte, parasites, Symbiosis and their modifications, Polymorphism, Heteroecism, Physiologic specialization and heterothallism.|
|3.||Dissemination and transmission of fungi, bacteria, viruses, mycoplasma and nematodes, Phenomena of infection susceptibility, host reaction.|
|4.||Epidemilogy and forecasting, Disease resistance.|
|5.||Symptomology, Flowering parasites, physiological disorders.|
|6.||Principles of plant diseases & its control, chemical, bio-control their formulation and doses.|
|7.||Symptoms causal organism, etiology and control measures of the following crop diseases|
(3) HORTICULTURE ( MARKS : 40)
|1.||Cultivation of fruits: What is horticulture, its importance, scope and branches. Brief study of climate, soil, propagation, varieties, planting, manuring, irrigation, special horticultural practices (pruning, training, bending, notching, and bahar treatment), harvesting and maturity indices of important fruit like mandarin, sweet orange, kagazi lime, mango, banana, grape, coconut, arecanut, cashew, papaya, guava, chiku ( Sapota), fig, pomegranate, pineapple, ber ( Jujube). Scope and importance of dry-land horticulture and crop suitable for dry-land or rain-fed conditions.|
|2.||Cultivation of vegetables: Classification of vegetables and type of vegetable farming. Brief study of cultivation of vegetable viz. tomato, chilly, brinjal, peas and beans, cucumber, pumpkin, bitter- gourd, Okra, onion, potato, leafy vegetables and Cole crops.|
|3.||Cultivation of flowers: Cultivation of important flower crops, Landscape gardening, its importance and scope. Protected cultivation of vegetables and flowers.|
|4.||Plant growth regulators & their uses.|
|5.||Post harvest management and processing: Post harvest handling and management of important horticultural crops. Principles and methods of fruit and vegetable preservation. Importance and scope of fruit and vegetable preservation. Preparation of various products such as squash, syrup, jams, jelly, marmalade, pickles, ketchup, dehydration, canning of fruits and vegetables, Export-import of horticulture crops.|
(4) AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION ( MARKS : 30 )
|1.||Rural Sociology and Community Development:|
Meaning and scope of rural sociology and its importance in extension education, Characteristics of rural society, Poverty in rural area, Culture- Meaning, Characteristics, functions and cultural aspects, Rural social groups, Study of rural institutions i.e. family, caste, class, religion, gram panchayat, village schools, co-operative societies and other voluntary organisations, Meaning, necessity scope and Principles of community development, Panchayat-Raj system, Development of leadership, types (opinion & change agent), role, functions, identification and training of leaders, qualities essential for local leaders.
|2.||Principles of Extension Education and Educational Psychology :|
Principles, Meaning, need, importance and scope of extension education, Philosophy and objectives of extension education, Meaning and scope of educational psychology, Principles of adult education, Basic psychological concepts – instincts, motives, drives, attitudes, intelligence, socialization, and personality development.
|3.||Extension teaching methods and aids :|
Learning – it’s meaning, teaching and learning process, creating effective learning situation, Communication process, elements of communication, mass and interpersonal communication, diffusion of innovations, innovation- decision process, innovativeness and adoption of innovations. Extension teaching methods, classification, purpose, characteristics, planning and use. Factors influencing the selection of extension teaching methods and aids. Relative effectiveness of extension teaching methods and aids. Emerging IT & Other technologies in the field of Agricultural extention.
|4.||Extension Administration and Programme Evaluation:|
Extension administration- meaning, need and scope, Basic principles of administration, Organization – it’s meaning, nature and technical problems of organizations, Programme planning, meaning, purpose and steps in programme planning, Characteristics of sound programme and its implementation, Extension evaluation – necessity, methods and tools of data collection, measuring devices, Sampling techniques.
(5) AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS ( MARKS: 20 )
Meaning, definition, consumption, production, factors of productions. Concept of national income and employment, money, inflation.
|2.||Agricultural Economics :|
Definition, scope and importance. Place of Agriculture in Indian economy, General problems of Agriculture in India, Food problem, population and employment problem, Land holding and productivity, Five year plans & Agricultural development, New Agricultural Policy & Strategy. Existing programmes & Schemes of Central / State Government.
|3.||Problems of Agricultural Marketing, regulated market :|
Market Functions, Functionaries, Market channel, Market cost, margins, Role of FCI, STC, SWC / CWC, CCI, NAFED, Monopoly procurement of cotton in Agricultural marketing, Cooperative marketing – structures and function, Agriculture price structure – objective of price policy, Support price and price fixation, International trends in Agriculture, implications of GATT / WTO, Export – import of Agriculture commodities, Role of APEDA.
|4.||Agricultural credit :|
Need, classification and agencies supplying agricultural credit policy, Role of Co-operative sector / Role of various Banks in Agriculture credit
|5.||Farm management and production economics :|
Types and systems of farming, principles used in farm management, Low cost, efficient, environment-friendly technology, Farm Cost, different types of cost, Production functions and their types, Farm planning and budgeting, Factor and product relationship, Farm records and accounting. Crop insurance.
(6) ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND DAIRYING (Marks : 20)
|(A)||Animal Husbandry (MARKS : 10)|
Economic importance of live-stock in India. Classification of breeds of cattle and buffalo, sheep, goat, poultry and exotic breeds.
| Farming & Management :|
Management different systems of housing, identification, exercises, grooming, dehorning, shearing, trimming of hoof, castration, wallowing, brooding, Farming -goat for meat broiler farming, layer farming, quail farming, duck farming, dairy farming, sheep farming, hatchery management.
Principles of genetics, selection, methods of selection, factors affecting the selection, mating system, traits of economic importance in breeding of all species. Breeding goat, sheep and poultry for meat wool and eggs. Use of exotic breed for augmentation of production under different, Agro-ecological zones.
| Reproduction :|
Anatomy and physiology of reproductive system of cattle ( male & female ). Artificial insemination- importance, methods of semen collection, dilution, preservation and transportation, Insemination of animals. Multiple Ovulation and Embryo Transfer Technology (MOET).
Principle of nutrition. Chief constituents of animal and body plant. Digestion and absorption of nutrients in ruminants and non-ruminants. Classification and Composition of feeds, digestion, absorption and metabolism of food nutrients, bio-energetics. Functions of nutrients in animal body. Feeding standards, computation of ration for different ages and for different production functions. Thumb rules of livestock feeding. Utilization of nonconventional feeds. Macro and micro-minerals, vitamins and its role in animal nutrition. Complete feed. A Principles of raising important fodder and grasses. Complete feed preservation. Grass land management and grazing practices. Improving poor quality roughage, UROMOL, UMMB, Quality control of feed. Feed additives- probiotics, enzymes and its importance in nutrition.
|(B)||Dairying (MARKS : 10)|
|Milk and milk product : Production and utilization of milk in India. Milk secretion and its endocrinology. Mammary gland development, theories of milk secretion. Major milk constituents, composition of milk of different species. Factors affecting quality and quantity of milk. Clean hygienic milk production, collection, transportation and Processing of milk – Pasteurization, homogenisation, sterilization and cooling of milk. Important milk products – Dahi, butter, ghee, khoa, channa and ice-cream. Marketing of milk products.|
|Legal standard and quality control tests : Aseptic packaging of milk and milk products. Detection of common adulterants, Nutritive value of milk. Role of National Dairy Development Board, Indian Dairy Corporation and Public & Cooperative sectors. Dairy in the progress of dairy industry.|
(7) FOOD SCIENCE ( Marks: 10)
|Principles and methods of food preservation, Raw material in food processing, Composition and nutritive value, Unit operations in food processing, Industrial processing of fruits, vegetable, cereal grain, oil seeds, milk and dairy products. Meat and meat products, Eggs and poultry products, Food processing and nutritional quality, Chemistry and technology of fats and oil, Spoilage of foods, Food infections and food toxications, Microbial standards for foods, Toxic constituents in foods, Food quality control, adulterations and Government regulations, Quality attributes of food analysis, Recent development in storage of perishable commodities and food packaging. Food stability and properties of the packaging materials, Food additives, Food colours (natural and synthetic), Food flavours, Food descolourations and rancidities, Food residues and by-products, New food products and development, Food – transportation, marketing and economics.|
PAPER II – AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING (OPTIONAL)
PAPER II – AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING (OPTIONAL) चा अभ्यासक्रम खाली PDF मध्ये दिला आहे. तर तुम्ही तो खालील बटण वर क्लिक करून डाउनलोड करू शकतात.
Agriculture MPSC Syllabus Pdf In Marathi Download Here
Agriculture MPSC Syllabus खाली PDF मध्ये दिला आहे. तर तुम्ही तो खालील बटण वर क्लिक करून डाउनलोड करू शकतात.
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